The TES (Thermal Energy Storage) technologies can be classified into four types: sensible, latent, thermochemical, and mechanical-thermal. Compared to other types of TES, Latent Thermal Energy Storages (LTESs) equipped with Phase Change Materials (PCMs) have many advantages. In fact, by virtue of the latent heat of fusion, the LTESs energy storage density capability is remarkably higher as compared to sensible-only TES systems. Considering the same temperature range, when using LTESs, from 5 to 14 times the energy of a sensible thermal energy storage system can be stored in the same volume; in addition, the phase change process can be considered almost isothermal. These characteristics permit to maximize both the storing capabilities and the heat transfer process. It is also important to note that the use of PCMs leads to the decoupling between energy demand and availability; this point is fundamental for the effective integration of renewable sources, that are intermittent by definition. These features allow LTESs and PCMs to be suggested in many applications, such as: buildings thermal management, HVAC systems , electrical energy generation , thermal energy recovery , thermal management of electronic devices and electric vehicle batteries or refrigerated transport in the cold chain . Thermalink has developed a modular serie of Storages from 20 to 160 Kwh that could work between 2 to 90 C .
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